The volume, edited with the support of Fundació Aigües de Manresa-Junta de la Sèquia, has as authors Josep Alert, Mercè Codina and Josep Huguet
Under the generic title Manresa: where water is the path, Cossetània Edicions has published in the Azimut collection a new tourist guide on the capital of Bages. The volume, whose edition has the support of the Fundació Aigües de Manresa-Junta de la Sèquia, offers a proposal of ten urban routes from two vertebrating axes that give identity to the territory: on the one hand, the farming and irrigation tradition; On the other, the footprint of St. Ignasi de Loyola’s stay, which is a strategic city bet.
From these two conductive threads, the guide – produced with the intervention of the company CatEmocions, SL, specialized in tourist content – proposes the discovery of a landscape not only physical and natural, but also human and cultural, to Through a wide range of information on historical events, characters, anecdotes, customs, curiosities, etc.
The ten itineraries of the guide run along parallel paths to the water obstacles of Manresa -rises, rivers, ditches and channels derived in natural, rural, irrigated and urban areas- on the pretext of following the footprint that peasantry Irrigation has left on the landscape of the capital of Bages, until the outbreak of industrialization. The book follows, at the same time, the places visited in the 16th century by the founder of the Company of Jesus, or who retain their trace.
The work, therefore, shows a city that grows and forms around the water and allows you to travel through places that are unusual not only for most visitors but also for the majority of the people of the city. At the same time, it offers a curious story of seven hundred years of history the bages capital, grafted with the general history of Catalonia.
Manresa: where the water is the way has been prepared by a team formed by Josep Alert, Mercè Codina and Josep Huguet.
ABOUT THE AUTHORS
Josep Alert i Puig (Igualada, 1966). He has a degree in history, has been teaching and journalism and has worked as a community facilitator and a culture technician. On behalf of the City Council of Manresa, in 2013 he coordinated the Year Amat-Piniella. He is the author of La Barcelona Jewish and La Sèquia de Manresa (with Pol Huguet), edited by Cossetània. Currently working in the field of cultural management and cultural tourism.
Mercè Codina i Gessé (Solsona, 1992). Geographer, technology in geographic information technologies. He has collaborated in the development of TIG tools for the management of the Collserola Natural Park. Amateur for hiking, he has guided groups of children and young people from a listening group for seven years in the Solsonès region and in different places of Central Catalonia.
Josep Huguet i Biosca (Manresa, 1951). Industrial engineer and graduate in contemporary history. He is the author of several didactic works of the social sciences and essays on political issues, as well as a regular contributor to the newspapers El Punt Today and Region 7. Coordinator and promoter of various cultural and nature tourism guides, and the Barcelona Cosmopolis collection, edited by Cossetània and the Barcelona City Council.
The program of the European Heritage Days will take place from October 6 to 19 and is part of the acts of the Capital of the Catalan Culture Manresa 2018. This year includes the commemoration of the 200th anniversary of the oldest river factory in Catalonia: the Panyos
As every year at this time, monuments and heritage facilities throughout Europe open doors to celebrate the European Heritage Days, a holiday that has already become a cultural event of the highest order in the annual calendar. In Catalonia, on October 12, 13 and 14, hundreds of monuments will open doors for free and activities will be carried out for all audiences.
Manresa joins the celebration with various activities that will be held from October 6 to 19, 2018, and will serve to bring the city’s heritage closer together and spread the awareness of preserving it among the citizens. This year marks the commemoration of the 200 years of construction of the Panyos factory, which will culminate in the year 2020, when it will be two centuries after the factory began to work. The importance of this event for the city and the country has made it join the acts of the Capital of the Catalan Culture Manresa 2018.
Today, the presentation of the acts has been presented, with the presence of the Councilor for Culture and Youth of the City Council of Manresa, Anna Crespo; the vice president of the Fundación Aigües de Manresa -Junta de la Sèquia, Josep Alabern; the president of the Center of Studies of the Bages, Francesc Comas, and representatives of all the entities that collaborate in the days: Parc de la Sèquia, City Council of Manresa – ManresaCCC 2018, AMCTAIC, Colegio de Arquitectos-Demarcación de the Central Counties, College of Industrial Engineers-Demarcation Central Catalonia, Center of Studies of the Bages, Museum of Science and the Technique of Catalonia, AADIPA, Foundation Tourism and Fairs of Manresa
200 years of the first stone of the Panyos
Manresa counts among its industrial heritage with the oldest river factory in Catalonia that still retains its original characteristics. It is about Can Miralda, popularly known as the Panyos Factory, which was built between 1818 and 1820. It is an emblematic building, representative of the era of the first industrialization in Catalonia and which has a recognized international prestige.
Due to its patrimonial value, the Miralda Factory was declared a Cultural Asset of National Interest in 2009 and also deserved to be included in the National Plan of Industrial Heritage as one of the four industrial buildings of greatest interest in Catalonia.
It is a space rooted in the memory of the Humans who have tried to conserve over the years. Rehabilitation of the roof has been done but, in spite of everything, it is still a place to recover. That is why since October and for two years, 2018 to 2020 will be scheduled activities around the factory, to commemorate the 200 years of its construction to return the value and splendor that he deserves
Within the framework of the JEP, an exhibition of photographs, a playful day with stories, music and visits to the factory and a technical Conference, entitled “200 years of the Panyos, symbol of the Industrial Revolution”, has been organized at Museum of the Technique of Manresa, with the participation of architects and historians to explain and understand the importance of the factory in the Catalan industrial revolution.
At the press conference today, Councilmember Anna Crespo said that “the Panyos is a monument that needs a lot of support. The City Council made a cover to stabilize it, but it would be necessary to have a more comprehensive intervention, which can not be understood in the short term from the municipality. ” Even so, within the framework of the Conference, “we want to celebrate and make ourselves aware that we have this and other great heritage elements, which must be preserved and can return to life, and bring it closer to everyone.”
Josep Alabern, vice president of the Fundació Aigües de Manresa – Junta de la Sèquia, and also president of the Association of the Science and Technology Museum and Industrial Archeology of Catalonia, pointed out that within the framework of the cultural capital of Manresa, It is important to highlight the importance of Locks. Since the construction began in 1818 and finished in 1820, the celebration of the 200 years will also be extended until 2020. According to him, “we can consider Locks as the beginning of industrialization in Catalonia. That sounds very strong, but nobody can say no. It’s worth doing this celebration that we have planned “. Alabern pointed out that at the initiative of the Aigües de Manresa Foundation many collaborating entities were added (“at the first meeting we were sixteen people”) and especially highlighted the day with specialists about the Panyos, who will analyze the its meaning for Manresa.
Since Friday morning, more than 2,000 people have visited the 3rd playmobil exhibition in Manresa, at the Technical Museum.
Visitors have been able to see from a recreation of a pirate war to a city full of actions of everyday life, a Napoleonic battle, a reproduction of the American West, a fairy tale or a spectacular nineteenth-century city (Victorian). In total, 12 Playmobiles dioramas made by the Click & Clack association and by amateurs who have also participated in this event.
Both Click & Clack and Kanko events value the fact that visitors have known a tourist area of the city, many of which are unknown. The Playmobils Fair has also been visited by people from all over Catalonia, Zaragoza and Madrid.
This exhibition has been possible thanks to the collaboration of Parc de la Sèquia, Bureau Vallée, Accessoris Manresa, Baxi Manresa, Printdossier, Solans Música, Llobet Supermarket and L’Arpellot and Manresa Capital de la Cultura Catalana 2018.
Visitors will be able to see from a recreation of a pirate war to a city full of actions of everyday life, a Napoleonic battle, a reproduction of the American West, a fairy tale or a spectacular nineteenth-century city. In addition, in an amateur way, Althaia and other people have contributed with their diorama.
From Friday 21 to Sunday 23 September 2018, from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. and from 4 a.m. to 8 p.m., the Manresa Technical Museum (Santpedor, 55) will present 12 Playmobiles dioramas made by the Click & Clack and for amateurs who have also participated in this event.
All visitors to this 3rd. Playmobils’ exhibition will be able to participate in the Click Amagat game, which consists in finding inside the diorames some figures of Playmobiles that do not correspond but have infiltrated them.
This exhibition is possible thanks to the collaboration of the Parc de la Sèquia, Bureau Vallée, Accessoris Manresa, Baxi Manresa, Printdossier, Solans Música, Supermercats Llobet and L’Arpellot and Manresa Capital de la Cultura Catalana 2018.
The Click & Clack association is a friendly organization of Playmobil that has the will to transmit to the public the advantages of this symbolic game that allows to develop the creativity, ingenuity and development of children accompanied by their families. Likewise, the Parc de la Sèquia and the Technical Museum will allow us to access some of the most emblematic buildings in the city of Manresa due to its role and at the same time offer visitors guided visits to the permanent exhibitions of the cinteria and the water. Kanko is an event organizer that aims to bring the public closer to an activity full of pedagogy.
Do you know the elements that condition the water bill?
Water is a free raw material, so what do we pay with the invoice? The public service that is done. This consists on capturing water, the treatment plants, distributing it by maintaining the pressure and quality twenty-four hours a day, and evacuating it through the sewage system to be treated on treatment plants and, finally, to return it to the natural environment for its preservation and reuse.
This collection, treatment, distribution and purification cycle requires human, technical, material and financial means that are included in the final price of the receipt of water.
These treatments, considered in economic terms as fixed costs, are very high and represent between 60 and 80% of the price of the invoice.
What and who marks the price of water?
The price of water varies between countries, regions and municipalities and can range from a few cents to more than seven euros, as in the case of Denmark. These differences are based mainly on the conditions of exploitation of water, for example, water quality conditions the complexity of the treatment, or geographic conditions determine the complexity of the distribution networks and the energy cost of pumping.
In addition, the price is subject to two levels of approval, the place that falls on the town councils, and a second level that corresponds to the Generalitat through the organ of the Commission of Prices of Catalonia.
In the water world, there are several forms of billing, as well as a great diversity of rates in the different municipalities and territories.
How is our invoice calculated?
As for the municipalities in which Aigües de Manresa works, the concept of water service is generally invoiced a variable part, which is based on the actual consumption carried out, and a fixed quota, independent of consumption.
The price of the variable part is usually expressed by sections of consumption (blocks), at a reduced price in a first tranche, and will increase progressively in the following four sections. In these same terms, the concept called Water Canon also appears, which is applied on behalf of the Catalan Water Agency. This concept has a minimum of 18 m3 and four sections of consumption with very progressive prices.
It is also common to include the fixed concept of conservation and sewerage, which is a percentage and based on the concept of water.
The invoice shows all the costs that make up the water cycle, from capture to purification. And to all these concepts, Iva’s taxation must be added.
How can we adjust our invoice?
The sections of consumption, both of the water service and of the canon, are extended if there is more than three people living in the house, so it is essential that the statement of the inhabitants be made, if this happens, it could be a significantly lowering on the total cost of the invoice.
In the municipalities managed by Aigües de Manresa, there is also a customized social tariff that applies to subscribers with low resources, which represents a significant reduction. In the case of Manresa, this reduction is 66% of the domestic rate.
When talking about the price of water if it is expensive or cheap, it will always depend on the perception of each one of us, but studies that analyze the effort that costs them citizens to pay the water bill with respect to their Relative rent, they tell us that Spain is the second country in less effort, just surpassed by Italy, quite the opposite of what happens with other services such as gas or electricity.
Joan Flotats, economic and financial director of Aigües de Manresa
The event will take place on Tuesday, July 24, at 7:00 pm, on Passeig Pere III, in front of the Casino building
Eix magazine is a joint publication of mNACTEC and its Territorial System that seeks to disseminate the heritage and the scientific and technical culture of Catalan industrial society
Next Tuesday 24th of July, the presentation of the magazine Eix will be held in Manresa. The public presentation ceremony will take place at 7:00 pm on Passeig Pere III, opposite the Casino building, and will be attended by the Councilor for Culture and Youth of the City Council of Manresa, Anna Crespo; the director of the National Museum of Science and Technology of Catalonia (mNACTEC), Jaume Perarnau, and the director of the Museum of Technical of Manresa, Alba Subirana.
Eix is a biannual publication that aims to publicize and disseminate the heritage and the scientific and technical culture of the Catalan industrial society. The magazine is edited by mNACTEC and its Territorial System. The first issue of the magazine was published in May 2016.
The publication deals with subjects of industrial and scientific heritage, industrial tourism, industrial heritage in the world and echoes the work of the museums of the Territorial System of mNACTEC. Axis has an informative tone to reach the general public, offering content in a plan, modern and rigorous way.
The magazine presents a central dossier that deals in depth with a specific subject; articles on outstanding elements of Catalan industrial heritage, emblematic brands or unknown patrimony; double photo pages; collaborations and perspectives of specialists; interviews, and proposals for industrial heritage trips, among others.
For professional deformation, when I observe the water, despite its transparency, I always see a photometer of oxygen and hydrogen molecules making it theirs.
70% of our planet is water, but we say “Earth.” We find it everywhere, but above all in the sea (97%). That’s why water is basically saltwater. But there is also something sweet: in the rivers, in the subsoil, in the polar ice caps. At home
We always have it available, opening either a tap or a bottle purchased from the store: we do not know what
It is considered fundamental for the existence of life. There is no known way of life that takes place in its complete absence. We use it for everything. We use so much that we would never be able to say that water is rare. But he is, and very much luckily. Water is a molecule that is composed of an oxygen atom and two of hydrogen (H2O) and has some physicochemical characteristics that make it unique. The behavior of the nature of water and ice is not what it should be, and thanks to this fact – that water is rare – we exist. In solid state it is less dense than in liquid phase and for that reason the ice floats and does not sink. If it were not so, the ice would sink and the cold would freeze the surface water, which would also sink, and we would reach a point where everything would be ice and there would be no water: human beings. In the year 1611, Galileo, as a result of this fact, wrote the Speech on the bodies that float in the water or moved, in which it affirmed that the water was dilated or ruminated. All fluids increase density when cooled, but below
from 4 ° the volume of the water increases and, therefore, its density is reduced.
Water is the only substance that can be found in solid, liquid and gaseous environmental conditions.
Although it is a simple molecule, it has an extremely complex and anomalous nature due to hydrogen bridges, which are the links that unite them. As a gas, it is one of the lightest known; As a liquid, it is much denser than one should expect; As a solid, it is much lighter than it would be compared to its liquid state.
The water boils to 100 °, but if it follows the logic of its companions of the periodic table, it would have to boil below the 80 ° … under zero! The same happens with its freezing point: if it behaves like the rest of its group, it should freeze at about 100 ° under zero! Water is the liquid with the largest surface tension after mercury.
Thanks to this phenomenon, insects can walk quietly over them without sinking and the drops of the dew, sliding through the leaves of the trees. It is an excellent lubricant and at the same time has an unbelievable grip. It skates on it and at the same time it is able to stick with great force (try to put in contact with two sheets of crystalline glass and you will see that it costs much to untie them).
Water is a universal solvent, water … could be writing pages and more pages about its anomalies, though
I’ll end up with one of the most unknown and at the same time more curious and recent: the Mpemba effect, which can be summed up with this question: why does hot water, in certain contexts, freeze before the cold? This effect, which apparently contradicts the psychology, had already been detected by Aristotle more than two thousand years ago, but it was not until recently, in 1969, when a Tanzanian student, Erasto Mpemba, did this ask your teacher a day in class. He explained that a mixture of hot ice cream was frozen before it was cold.
It was from this anecdote that the student and another professor wrote up a technical document about him
theme; a topic that, for the moment, although there are many theories, it still has no consensual response. In fact, in an article published last year seemed to be the “culprits” of this effect being the hydrogen bridge links again.
In summary, then, it can be said, colloquially, that water goes to its own; Luckily.
David Güell, deputy chief of debugging of Aigües de Manresa
Water is life. A simple and concise phrase, the reason for more than one ad campaign because of its role. And what my god of life? Life is a gift. Here is another phrase, too. The two mention concepts that we can consider instruments of each other. Life is an instrument that people have to develop over a certain time. And water is one of the resources that most comes out in the talks. It is a scarce good that often does not occupy the place that corresponds to him. With people the same thing happens.
It is from this perspective that water and people as resources become a source of our care and interest. It is at this precise moment when our intention is clearly manifested. It is time that we leave the open tap without control or we take care to love and preserve what we have in order to increase their possibilities and development. It is the moment when we adopt the role of actors or public. In the same way that we can not understand our survival without the presence of water, we can not perceive the business system without people. People able to lead, manage and achieve the goals that the organization raises. Tell me if not, what can a movie director do without script or actors? Nothing. The result is always linked to our resources.
For a company like Aigües de Manresa, taking care of its workers becomes a present and integrating reality of its organizational values. In fact, it was this way, based on this idea that this article was born and my collaboration with the company as a professional of coaching and training in the work environment. The objective of Aigües de Manresa was to carry out a transformation and development project to build, from an integrative perspective, a relational model towards the improvement of skills and competences in which the individual is responsible and growing.
This project goes through the integration in the corporate culture of the idea that the objectives are achieved with the Work processes, but the quality in relationships is what ensures permanence, fluidity and sustainability. A great discovery! We have noticed that conflicts and growth levers are very commonly found in the area of relationships rather than those of the task itself. Thanks to this revelation, we acquire group awareness when we see that our actions have an impact on the department, but also on the side partner or our collaborator. Once we are aware there is no reverse, we can only work towards change. Step by step, firmly and confidently. With effort and commitment. Joyfully And it’s when we’re in This new landscape, that people reappear the prominence they deserve in favor of efficiency linked to your well-being. Happy workers behave happy systems.
That is why, dear readers, I dedicate myself to accompanying people and companies in stages of change. Change is, like conflict, something inherent in human beings and organizations: it is present in our daily lives. We can not overlook it, but we can decide and choose our attitude towards this change, the energy that I put and the esteem with which I manage it. This is in my power and in your hand. Go by where! Just like every drop of water is unique, each individual is a valuable piece worthy of recognition within the organizational gear.
Raquel Aguilera, CEO of Auctuson
On Monday, June 4, the research work carried out by water was carried out as an object of study, at the Can Font Documentation Center. This event has been organized jointly between the Center for Pedagogical Resources and the Can Font Water Center and was chaired by the Vice-President of the Aigües de Manresa Foundation – Junta de la Sèquia, Josep Alabern, Carles Llussà, by the Center of Resources and the responsible and educator of the Water Center, Anna Closes.
The works that will be available to the users of the Can Font Documentation Center are the following:
An article about the organoleptic water quality of Manresa
Taste, smell, color and turbidity of water form part of what we call: organoleptic characters of water, it is at say, those that can be perceived by the senses.
In view of this perception of rapid opinion for all consumers, a general opinion is created where we relate the organoleptic quality of water with the health quality. Although they are great indicators of the quality of water, it must be said that this relationship of perception and quality does not necessarily have to be tied together. The baggage that carries the water, from its point of origin until it reaches our taps is not the same for each population, and it is clear that each one will have its organoleptic character marked by its origin, route and content .
The necessary treatment for its purification and the important later section to follow up to the consumer faucet (distribution network, interior installations of the buildings, faucets …) are also of important mention for the possibility of possible organoleptic changes.
Water from the canal that supplies a large part of our towns, while enjoying a good quality with all The health guarantees, it suffers from some annual episodes where the values of taste and smell take center stage, especially in the water of Manresa.
The benefit of having the Sèquia, which frees us from the salt areas of Sallent and Balsareny, and that allows us to enjoy a better quality of water, does not release us but other circumstances. The walk that makes the water of the Acequia, in the course of its way through the orchards of its surroundings and the arrival to the lake of the Needle where it is retained, causes that they form compounds that cause bad taste and smell to the ‘ Water, especially in the presence of algae shoots during seasonal periods. These substances, which are not harmful to health, give off a smell of wet ground that declines some consumers to their daily and continued use. Aigües de Manresa S.A. It has taken all the measures within its reach over the years to minimize these organoleptic impacts that have been repeated in these periods, but despite the efforts made, it is clear that, with the resources that are available, it can not be achieve a complete one resolution of these occasional effects.
Currently, the project for the renovation and expansion of treatment facilities at the Manresa Water Treatment Station is being worked on. The purpose is to renovate and adapt the new plant to today’s new technologies day.
The new techniques, the increase of resources, the efficiency, the performance, the dimension and everything that is associated with them New treatments should facilitate the ability to play with different alternatives that adapt to any circumstance, among them the ability to maintain a balanced relationship between organoleptic perception and a good quality of water.
Elisabet Berch, supervisor analyst at the Laboratori d’Aigües de Manresa
Last Saturday, it took place at the Parc de Can Font, the first CITO (Cache in Trash Out) meeting. The CITO are an environmental initiative practiced by the geocaching community since 2002, and have helped preserve the natural beauty of sites related to geoamagats.
On this occasion, 35 people gathered to clean the Can Font Park, and part of the cleaning activity, they enjoyed a breakfast, a visit to the Ermita de Can Font, and to do activities for children who also went, related to the Park and the forest of the surroundings. Attendees were also given the event plates.
The organizers, who were the Parc de la Sèquia and the geocachers beeding, Moriarty, Aura_, rrp1963, Josef. Apart from the satisfaction in the success of the call, the origin of the participants, mostly of the Bages, has also been highlighted, but the presence of participants from the counties of Girona, and the counties of Barcelona.
A network hidden under our feet is essential for our day to day life
Water, like oxygen, is one of the essential elements of life on our planet. The use of water by man includes the so-called integral water cycle, which consists in its capture, its drinking water distribution and then the collection and conduction of the water used and finally its purification before returning it to nature.
The sewer is the infrastructure that, in this integral cycle, has the function of collecting and conducting water, both domestic and industrial, from the point of collection of the urban centers to the purification facilities. In addition, in urban areas, the sewage system also has the function of collecting and draining the rainwater from the streets to the torrents and natural rivers.
How does the network work?
Pluvial collection can be in a network independent of that of residuals, and then we say that the sewer is separated network. Otherwise, we call it a unitary network.
The shape of the sewer networks is very similar to the vein frame of the human body, or to the roots of a tree: it begins with very small size ducts (between 20 and 30 cm in diameter) in the upper parts of urban centers and, as it joins with those of other streets and avenues, the dimensions of these conduits are becoming more and more important to become true underground torrents, and there could still be vehicles that could circulate.
“The technological evolution has facilitated the repairs of the network, causing that many times do not intercede in our day to day”
The management of the sewer includes several tasks, some really complicated but also exciting, such as the inspection with “all-terrain” robots that circulate and secure the interior of the ducts and galleries, in which, due to its small dimensions, it is not possible make a visual inspection by the technicians. Thus, these robots can check the status of the different points of the network: if the conduit is jammed, if it is broken, it has leaks …
The technological evolution of robots has also changed the way to repair and maintain the network. Because the sewage system often goes inside the roadway, the repair works significantly affect the movement of people and vehicles. Nowadays certain repairs can be made with these machines without having to excavate the streets. Robots can cut the roots of the trees that intercept the network and cause jams; They can also repair cracks or coat internally the conduits to waterproof them.
Hey! Watch out for the disposable wipes!
Disposable wipes have become a real plague for the sewage system, as its degradation is very slow and causes significant traffic jams.
So when you use it, think about throwing them away and not the drain of the sanitary. Your action will be beneficial for the operation of the sewer system.
Fredi Puig, technical director of Aigües de Manresa